Types of Onion and common use

 

Nutritional Values Of Union

Nutritional value of Onions

Onion is considered as a basic and simply delicious ingredient of almost every type of cuisine. Besides the distinctive pungent smell of onion, it is used universally because of the flavors it adds in the dishes. No matter you are using them raw in salad, baking, steaming or boiling, it is not possible to complete any cuisine of the world without it. Onions differ in their types. You can find yellow storage onions throughout the year, but sweeter varieties are grown only in a limited season, just for a few months.

Onion facts

Slicing onions is a painful process as it makes you cry because they contain sulfur-based gas in them. The water in our eyes and the sulphurgas performs with each other and as a result it gives sulfuric acid. To compensate the irritation, our tear ducts worksenergetically and that’s the reason behind our tears. To avoid this irritation, keep your face at a distance from the onion so the gas spreads in the air before reaching your eyes. Also you can try chilling the onion before cutting. Besides all this hurting process and the pungent smell the onions, add in our breath, they are no doubt a delightful treat for our taste buds. If you want to get rid of the bad breath of onion, do not forget to wash your mouth with lemon juice and water, or chew a citrus peel. Eating a parsley-stem can also help in removing the bad breath.

Onions differ in size varying in diameter from less than 1 inch to more than 4.5 inches. According to the Guinness Book of World Records at 5 kilograms onion has been ranked as the largest onion ever grown.

China, India, United States, Turkey and Pakistan are known to be the leading onion production countries.

Nutritional Profile

Onions not only give our dishes a wonderful flavor, but also they are packed with huge nutrients and vitamins. Onions provide our body manganese, copper, biotin, dietary fiber, phosphorus, potassium and folate. Vitamins like vitamin B6, vitamin C and vitamin B1 are also found in onions. One large raw onion is made up of a little more than a cup of water and contains 63 calories. So, do not underestimate the nutritional value of onions. Your body must be thankful to you because of the numerous nutrients you are providing it through onions.

Health Benefits

Victoria Jarzabkowski, who works as a nutritionist at the University of Texas at Austin, explained that Onions are super-healthy and they contain vitamin C, sulfuric compounds, flavonoids and phytochemicals. Phytochemicals and flavonoids are found in fruits and vegetables and are responsible for triggering healthy reactions. Scientists have carried a lot of researches on onions and have found out that sulfuric compounds in onions not only prevent in the unwanted clotting of blood cells, but also help in lowering the blood levels of cholesterol. They also aid in reducing the risk of Parkinson’s disease, heart attack and stroke. Onions are helpful in increasing the bone density, especially in the women who are in their menopausal age and hence lower the risk of hip fracture. Antioxidants found in onions keep the fatty acids away from oxidation. A major health benefit onions provide is that they lower the risk of numerous kinds of cancers like colorectal cancer, laryngeal cancer, and ovarian cancer. Even you take an onion 1-2 time per week or sometime 5-6 times per week, it is considered enough to protect yourself from the above mentioned cancer type. However, in case of esophageal cancer and cancers of the mouth, the significant reduction in cancer is shown only when they are taken daily in the diet.

Health risks

Researchers have warned about the problems that can occur in some people by eating onions. The carbohydrates present in onions can become a cause of gas and bloating. People who already suffer chronic heartburn or some gastric disease should avoid taking onions as they can worsen their medical condition. Vitamin K is present in huge amount in green onions and if you increase the consumption of those onions, it can decrease blood thinner functioning. There is a probability that some people might be allergic to onion or have some food intolerance but the chances are very rare. The symptoms of onion-allergic patients are red and itchy eyes. Even their skin is so sensitive that if onion comes in contact, there appear rashes all over it. Some people may even experience vomiting, nausea or some other gastric problems due to onion intolerance. One must take care while buying onions. You can keep them for a long time, however, fresh ones are always preferable.

Recipe suggestions

Although onions make the base of every classic recipe, still some ideas are given, just to refresh your food memory.

Onion and cheese are good recipe partners. They are found together in recipes like Easy cheese & onion slice, Cheese & onion, pork chops and Caramelized onion & feta pizzas.

Onions are always liked in a gravy form. The recipes that contain onions in a gravy form are Sausages with sticky onion gravy and Sausages with quick onion gravy.

Raw onions are always loved by everyone is salad form. Tuna & red onion salad and Tomato & onion salad are one of them.

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